Type 2 Diabetes

Reduce your risk of Type 2 Diabetes by being active every day and enjoying a diet full of fruits, vegetables and whole grains.

What is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 Diabetes is a condition where the body has become resistant or insensitive to the hormone insulin, and levels of glucose in the bloodstream are chronically high. Type 2 Diabetes is a preventable disease and can be managed in the early stages through diet and physical activity. People with type 2 diabetes have an increased risk of a range of health issues; however these risks can be significantly reduced through diet and lifestyle changes to help manage blood glucose levels.

Complications associated with Type 2 Diabetes include: 

  • Kidney failure
  • Blindness
  • Diabetes neuropathies
  • Sexual dysfunction
  • Coronary heart disease
  • including stroke and
  • heart attack
Who is at risk? ​

The following factors increase your risk of type 2 diabetes:

  • Family history of diabetes
  • Being 55 years old or older
  • Having an Aboriginal, Torre Strait Islander, Pacific Islander, Indian Subcontinent or Chinese ethnic background
  • Having previously had gestational diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Being overweight or obese
  • Insufficient physical activity
  • A large waist circumference
  • Poor diet
Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes
  • Excessive thirst
  • Passing more urine
  • Feeling tired and lethargic
  • Poor wound healing
  • Blurred vision
  • Headaches
  • Gradual weight increase
  • Skin infections
  • Always feeling hungry
Tips to prevent Type 2 Diabetes
  • Enjoy a healthy, balanced diet including a wide range of fresh fruit and vegetables, whole grains and lean proteins
  • Be active every day and limit sedentary behaviour
  • Reduce your intake of sugary and high fat foods
  • Cut back processed and takeaway foods
  • Maintain a healthy weight and waist circumference
  • Quit smoking
  • Manage cholesterol levels
  • Manage blood pressure
  • Have regular check-ups with your doctor

For more information on type 2 diabetes visit the Diabetes Australia website.